Civil Engineering Course Overview: From Getting into the Course till Graduation

Civil Engineering | SSC JE CIVIL | 22nd September 2021

Civil Engineering is that domain of Engineering that deals in designing and executing structures meant for public use. It involves structures like bridges, dams, highways, canals, sewerage system power plants and other large scale infrastructures. The tasks of a Civil Engineer vary before the construction, during the construction and after the construction, thus the subjects taught during the courses also vary accordingly. In this article, we will discuss the whole journey from the entrance, subjects and job profile required when you are expecting to be a Civil Engineer.


The eligibility criteria for becoming a Civil Engineer are as follows:

  • The candidates should have passed their 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
  • The minimum percentage required to apply for the exams is 50%
  • The candidates who completed a diploma in civil engineering after 10th are also eligible for admissions in the Bachelor’s degree

Popular Engineering Exams

The list highlighting the popular entrance exams for Engineering are as follows:

JEE Main: JEE Main is one of the most competitive exams organised by NTA on a national level. It is mostly conducted in January and April every year where lakhs and lakhs of candidates apply to get into prestigious colleges of India.

JEE Advanced: This exam is the second phase of the JEE Main Examination, but the conducting agency for this examination is IIT Delhi. The number of candidates for this test is comparatively low but the difficulty level is increased.

BITSAT: This exam is meant for the candidates who aspire to join BITS Pilani. The total number of seats in this institution for Engineering.

WBJEE: This exam is meant for the candidates who aspire to study Engineering in the colleges of West Bengal.

Below is the table highlighting the application details of the Entrance exams for Engineering in the year 2021


Application Date

Date of exam

Result Date

JEE Main 2021

July 07, 2021

August 04, 2021

August 20, 2021

JEE Advanced 2021

August 02, 2021

August 27, 2021

September 03, 2021


February 23, 2021

July 24, 2021

August 31, 2021


December 12, 2020

June 29, 2021

July 05, 2021


March 22, 2021

September 14, 2021

September 23, 2021

 Civil Engineering Courses

The table mentioned below is describing a fair comparison of the two major Civil Engineering Courses so that you can make a fair choice about which course to move forward with.


BE Civil Engineering

BTech Civil Engineering


4 years

4 years

Focus Area

It is a theory-oriented course and deals with the study of structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. The course is usually offered by public institutes.

It is an application and skill-based course that deals with the study of creating structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. It is usually offered by universities, both public and private.

Admission Criteria

State or national level entrance examination.

State-level or national level entrance examination score.

Eligibility Criteria

10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.

10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.

Average Course Fees

INR 1,00,000 to INR 6,00,000

INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000

Job Description

Civil Engineer, Architect, Technical Officer, Manager, Business analyst, Assistant Executive Engineer, etc

Civil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc

Areas of Employment

Civil Engineering companies, Water resources, Engineering Transportation companies, Tunnel Engineering companies

Irrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.

Average Placement Package

INR 3,00,000 to INR 7,80,000

INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

 Civil Engineering (Subjects)

There are a total of eight semesters in Civil Engineering and the subjects taught are changed in each semester.

Semester I

Semester II

Engineering Mathematics-I

Engineering Mathematics-II

Engineering Physics

Engineering Physics/ Engineering Chemistry

Engineering Chemistry

Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering

Systems in Mechanical Engineering

Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics

Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering

Engineering Graphics (Engineering Drawing)

Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics

Project-Based Learning


Physical Education-Exercise and Field Activities

Semester III

Semester IV

Building Technology and Architectural Planning

Geotechnical Engineering

Mechanics of Structure


Fluid Mechanics

Concrete Technology

Engineering Mathematics III

Structural Analysis

Engineering Geology

Project Management

Awareness of civil Engineering Practices / Road Safety Management / Foreign Language

Project-based learning

Semester V

Semester VI

Hydrology and Water Resource Engineering

Advanced Surveying

Infrastructure Engineering and Construction Techniques

Project Management and Engineering Economics

Structural Design-I

Foundation Engineering

Structural Analysis-II

Structural Design-II

Fluid Mechanics - II

Environmental Engineering-I

Semester VII

Semester VIII

Environmental Engineering II

Dams and Hydraulic Structures

Transportation Engineering

Quantity Surveying, Contracts, and Tenders

Structural Design and Drawing III

Elective – III


Elective -IV

Elective - II

Diploma in Civil Engineering After 12th

A diploma in Civil Engineering is not that of a famous course that the students opt for after completing their 12th. The table given below highlights the basic details of the diploma course in Civil Engineering.


Diploma Level


3 years (6 semesters)

Fee Structure

INR 30K- 1 lakh

Exam Type

Per Semester


Must pass 10th or 12th in PCM from a recognised board

Minimum Aggregate Required


Admission Process

Merit-Based, Entrance Exam

Starting Salary

INR 3 to 6 LPA

Job Options

Assistant Civil Engineer, Junior Construction Manager, Assistant Inventory Manager, Construction Project Assistant, Junior Plant Engineer, Professor, Consultant, etc.


Civil Engineering is one of those domains of Engineering that is in huge demand, not only in the Government Sector but the Corporate Sector as well. Civil Engineering for all is all about constructing, but it is just the half-truth, it is much more than just construction, it involves a combination of design thinking and technical studies that result in a strong structure. The domain is challenging, but if done with passion it can take you places and provide you with a huge career growth.